Sugarberry's range extends from the Eastern United States west to Texas and south to northeastern Mexico. Foliage: Light green ovate, rough textured leaves. Leaves are wider than Celtis laevigata and more serrated. Fruit appears in July and August, ripening into October. Harvey E. Kennedy, Jr. Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata), a common medium-size tree of moderate to fast growth, is most often found on clay soils of broad flats or shallow sloughs within the flood plains of major southern rivers. Scientific Name: Celtis laevigata Common Name: Sugar Hackberry, Southern or Mississippi Hackberry Environmental Conditions: Hardiness Zone: 6a (culitvars reportedly zone 5) Soil Moisture: occasionally saturated or very wet soil consistently moist, well drained soil occasional periods of dry soil prolonged periods of dry soil FIRE ECOLOGY SPECIES: Celtis laevigata Ilex laevigata can be difficult to separate from I. verticillata when the two do not bear flowers or fruits. Drupe. Watch for lacebugs and scale. These are either Texas Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. These trees grow quite tall, 60 to 80 feet. Collection is easier after trees have completely dropped their leaves. (1987) p 55 Parts Shown: Fruit, Bark, Leaf Art. texana Sargent, or Netleaf Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata var. The bark is grayish brown, corky warts and has ridges. Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals. Celtis laevigata Willd.. Sugarberry. Celtis laevigata. Home Landscaping. Branhagen, Alan. Sugar Hackberry grows across the eastern two thirds of Texas, the only hackberry that occurs in all ten vegetational areas of the state. CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT. Swamps, lake shores, wetland borders. ... (Celtis laevigata) Form. apposita, Celtis laevigata var. Yard & Garden . Hackberry nipple gall is so common in the St. Louis area that it is often used as an aid in identifying hackberries. (2016) p 98 Parts Shown : Bark ... Duncan, Wilbur Howard. Master Gardener Program. Fruits drupes, 0.4–0.9 cm long, brown or orange or purple or red or yellow, fruit maturation 1 years. Celtis occidentalis, commonly known as the common hackberry, is a large deciduous tree native to North America. Fruit appears in July and August, ripening into October. Southern hackberry, hackberry, sugarberry. Drupe. org/ articles/ celtis/ celtis-laevigata/). Celtis laevigata Sugar hackberry The initially orange-red drupes turn blue-black with maturity in late summer. Ulmaceae. Individual flowers, regardless of type, are about ¼" across and predominately yellowish green; each flower has 4-5 oblong sepals that are connected together at the base. reticulata (Torrey) L.D. Trunk diameter ranges from 1-3’ (less frequently to 4’). Collection is easier after trees have completely dropped their leaves. The fruit temporarily stains walks. Sugarberry's leaf litter contains allelopathic chemicals that inhibit seed germination and growth in many other plant species. (2016) p 98 Parts Shown : Bark ... Duncan, Wilbur Howard. Yard & Garden. Celtis laevigata . Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … The sugar hackberry or sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) is a very common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Sugarberry has narrower leaves which are smoother above. Fruits are attractive to a variety of wildlife. Sugarberry – Celtis laevigataFamily Ulmaceae – Zelkova, Hackberry, ElmAlso called sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, lowland hackberry, or palo blanco (white hair). Recommended citation 'Celtis laevigata' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. Seeds can pose clean up problems if trees are sited near sidewalks or patios, however. Ilex laevigata (Pursh) Gray N. smooth winterberry. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. Home Landscaping. Mitchell, Alan.  It is also found on the island of Bermuda.. Sugar Hackberry - Celtis laevigata ... Celtis, is the Greek name for a tree bearing sweet fruit. Ovate to oblong-lanceolate, rough-textured, untoothed, glossy to dull green leaves (2-4” long) have mostly uneven leaf bases. The tree has distinctive warty, gray bark, sometimes turning tan in very old individuals. 4. To be clear there are two species of hackberry, Celtis occidentalis and Celtis laevigata. Ilex laevigata can be difficult to separate from I. verticillata when the two do not bear flowers or fruits. (1988) p 156(133) Parts Shown: Fruit, Leaf Photo. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. Celtis laevigata, el Almez del Mississippi  o palo blanco es una especie de planta de flores perteneciente a la familia Cannabaceae. Although not noticeable, the flowers occur in early spring and develop into rounded, succulent, reddish brown fruits (drupes) that persists on the tree throughout the winter. The sugar hackberry or sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) is a very common tree species at Brackenridge Field Lab. Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree, Rain Garden, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Air Pollution. Most or all leaves are lost by mid-December in the Rio Grande Valley, Texas . Mature Size: 70′-80’ tall 60’-80’ wide. Netleaf hackberry can be reduced by heavy grazing . ... Celtis laevigata, sugarberry, Texas sugarberry, sugar hackberry, hackberry, palo blanco, southern hackberry, lowland hackberry Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Menard, TX 4/24/2011. mature fruits can be picked from late summer until winter. The leaves have asymmetrical bases, are tapered with sharply pointed tips, and smooth or toothed margins. Celtis laevigata Willd. org/ articles/ celtis/ celtis-laevigata/). Celtis laevigata. Plant Citations. The light-colored wood can be given a light- to medium-brown finish that in other woods must be achieved by bleaching. Celtis laevigata Willd.. Sugarberry. Gaining garden smarts and sharing skills. Sugar Hackberry - Celtis laevigata ... Celtis, is the Greek name for a tree bearing sweet fruit. Easily grown in medium to wet, organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun. Foliage of Sugarberry. and corky and the small fruit turns from orange red to purple and is relished by birds. Lodhi, E.L. Rice. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. But they may venture out on a warmish winter day to look for a snack of minerals from rotting fruit, dung, sap or mud puddles. Habitat. The forage value is fair for wildlife and poor for livestock. (1988) p 156(133) Parts Shown: Fruit, Leaf Photo. The forage value is fair for wildlife and poor for livestock. Tree size - This species is a slow to moderate growing tree and reaches 60 to 80 feet at maturity, with a spread of 40 feet. Celtis laevigata, commonly called sugarberry, sugar hackberry or southern hackberry, is basically a southern version of common or northern hackberry (see C. occidentalis). The nutritional and physicochemical properties of ripe hackberry fruit from Istria (Marasi village near Vrsar, Croatia) were determined, including water, total fiber, protein, vitamin, mineral, and phenolic contents. Sugarberry – Celtis laevigataFamily Ulmaceae – Zelkova, Hackberry, ElmAlso called sugar hackberry, Texas sugarberry, lowland hackberry, or palo blanco (white hair). Growth habit - This large tree has a short, straight trunk with a broad crown. Trunk and Branches. The fruit is retained on the tree until midwinter . Growth Rate: Moderate Zones: 6-9. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. The fruit of hackberry are seldom used for nutritional purposes. The fruit is retained on the tree until midwinter . Celtis laevigata Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA and Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA See all Celtis . Scientific name: Celtis spp. Fruit and leaf structure. Although the galls do not hurt these trees, they often significantly disfigure the leaves. Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies. Celtis Laevigata is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft 1in) at a medium rate. Phonetic Spelling SEL-tis ock-sih-den-TAH-liss Description. It will grow on almost any type of soil as long as it has fair drainage. Celtis laevigata (Sugar Hackberry) Elm Family (Ulmaceae) Botanical Characteristics: Native habitat - Southeast U.S. including western Kentucky. But they may venture out on a warmish winter day to look for a snack of minerals from rotting fruit, dung, sap or mud puddles. About. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Today, the fruit receives only limited human use . Yard & Garden . Celtis occidentalis, or Hackberry, is a deciduous tree, native to North Carolina, that commonly grows to 30 to 40 feet in height and 1 to 2 feet in diameter, but on the best sites, may reach a height of 130 feet and a diameter of 4 feet or more.It has a straight central trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape once mature. Accessed 2020-11-18. Undistinguished yellow fall color.Genus name comes from the Greek name for another tree.Specific epithet means smooth. Master Gardener Program. This tree may be used as a lawn tree or street tree. reticulata The fruit, which ripens in September, is round and attached singly on a stalk. The following information is for genus Celtis: Animals that eat its fruit… FIRE ECOLOGY SPECIES: Celtis laevigata Its sweetish fruit is eaten by birds and rodents, helping to disperse the seeds. Tolerates part shade. Category:Celtis laevigata. Each drupe has one round brown seed within. Sugarberry is a native deciduous tree growing to 60 to 100 feet [18-30 m]. The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Celtis laevigata . The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Native Habitats: Roots: surface roots can lift sidewalks or interfere with mowing Winter interest: tree has winter interest due to unusual form, nice persistent fruits, showy winter trunk, or winter flowers Outstanding tree: not particularly outstanding Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America.Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry.. Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps.Sugarberry has narrower leaves which are smoother above. Celtis laevigata. Insignificant, mostly monoecious, greenish flowers appear in spring (April –May), with male flowers in clusters and female flowers solitary. Sugarberry is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 60-80’ (less frequently to 100’) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. It is by Madeline Maher at APHIS. Common Hackberry is polygamo-monoecious, producing male (staminate), female (pistillate), and perfect flowers on the same tree. Insects, Diseases, ... Robbins CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 Fruits Mary Keim CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Bark Kerry Woods CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 Corky bark Richard Murphy CC BY-SA 3.0 Celtis laevigata reticulata setting fruit … Custom Search This huge sugarberry tree at the Morton Arboretum is 72 years old. The Celtis laevigata in central Texas is quite different from the variety laevigata that we have in North Carolina. Accessed 2020-11-18. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Celtis laevigata. (occidentalis, laevigata) Abundance: plentiful What: berries How: raw, dried, preserves Where: moist, sunny areas When: fall when berries are red, orange, or purple Nutritional Value: calories, protein Ripe hackberry fruit. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Although not noticeable, the flowers occur in early spring and develop into rounded, succulent, reddish brown fruits (drupes) that persists on the tree throughout the winter. ... How the name of cherry trees got to be associated with the Celtis is anyone guess, though the fruit do resemble choke cherries and the tree is considered by some to be a ‘witch” tree. (1987) p 55 Parts Shown: Fruit, Bark, Leaf Art. Fruit—Celtis laevigata: Sugarberry [Click thumbnail to enlarge.] ... Its sweetish fruit is eaten by birds and rodents, helping to disperse the seeds. The species can also be distinguished by habitat: where the ranges overlap, common hackberry occurs primarily in upland areas, whereas sugarberry occurs mainly in bottomland areas. Bark.  The leaves are eaten by a number of insects, for example caterpillars of the Io moth (Automeris io). Powdery mildew and leaf spot may occur. BOTANICAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS SPECIES: Celtis laevigata var. Mature trees are typically 18 inches […] reticulata (Torrey) L.D. This is a tough shade tree that grows in a wide range of soils. Detalle de las hojas Descripción. Specialty crops including turfgrass, vegetables, fruits, and ornamentals.
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